The final manuscript should be prepared in a single MS Word (.docX) file, using default settings as in the abstract. Adjust all line and paragraph settings to single line spacing. Do not copy-paste any text, not even a word from the internet, as this creates formatting errors in our publication template. Avoid emphatic use of italicbold, and CAPITAL LETTER (UPPER CASE) in conventional vocabulary, unless they have strict technical connotations.

For technical presentation

Only those manuscripts accepted for technical presentation shall be eligible for final publication. There is no limit to the size of the text, or the number of figures and tables, but they should be confined within the purpose of the topic. The manuscript should conform to the following organisation, with each heading (in bold) separated by a single line: 
(Click here to download the Manuscript Template)


Name(s) of author(s), with the corresponding author’s name marked with asterisk (*)

Affiliation and address of the author(s)

Corresponding author’s email


Key words, limited to five, separated by commas


Materials and Methods



Acknowledgement (if at all there is)


Figures (embed all figures in serial with complete legend below each figure)

Tables (with legends on top)

References should follow the citation style of parenthetical referencing, the so-called Harvard style. In brief, citation is indicated in the text immediately after the sourced expression in parenthesis but before the main punctuation, for example, for a single author (Chernin, 1988), for two authors (Chernin and Friedman, 1981), and for multiple authors (Friedman et al., 1981). The format for book (Smith, 1985a, 1885b), and website (Mullan, 2008) citation can also follow the basic style. And in the reference section all citations should be listed in an alphabetical order, e.g.

Chernin, E. (1988). The ‘Harvard system’: a mystery dispelled. British Medical Journal292, 1062–1063.

Friedman, L.M., Kagan, R.A., Cartwright, B. and Wheeler, S. (1981). State Supreme Courts: A century of style and citation. Stanford Law Review33, 773–818.

Mullan, W.M.A. (2008). Harvard reference or citation generator. Available:

Smith, J. (2005a). Dutch Citing Practices. The Hague: Holland Research Foundation, pp. 2–7.

Smith, J. (2005b). Harvard Referencing. London: Jolly Good Publishing, pp. 8–15.

It should be noted that

  • Full titles of articles are required in the reference list.
  • Journal names and book titles are always in italic, with proper capitalisation.
  • Volume numbers are bold.